Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilizes an egg after it’s released from the ovary during ovulation. The fertilized egg then travels down into the uterus, where implantation occurs. A successful implantation results in pregnancy.
Infertility on the other hand is defined as the failure to become pregnant after a year of unprotected intercouse for women under the age of 35 and after six months for those over 35.
According to Medicalnewstoday, below are some reasons why you’re not getting pregnant even when everything looks normal.
Women can experience irregular and inconsistent ovulation. Menstrual cycles can be irregular due to diseases including polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), hormonal imbalances, or obesity. Ovulation may be impacted by stress, low body weight, and excessive physical activity.
Blockage of the fallopian tube
Especially among African Americans, clogged or damaged fallopian tubes prevent sperm from reaching the egg, which frequently results in infertility. If you’ve ever had endometriosis, a pelvic infection, or a sexually transmitted disease, your risk of developing fallopian tube obstruction is higher.
In more than 30% of cases of infertility, sperm issues including low sperm count or abnormal sperm motility or shape are present. Numerous factors, like trauma, chronic conditions like diabetes, and dangerous habits like binge drinking and smoking, might contribute to male factor infertility.
Unusual uterine shape
An unevenly shaped uterus may make it difficult for a fertilised egg to adhere to the uterine wall. Anomalies may develop from uterine fibroids, which are benign growths on the uterine wall and scar tissue from surgery or infection. The form of your uterus is another thing to take into account.