Here are the 7 worst-performing African currencies in 2022

Nigerian naira and US dollar
Nigerian naira and US dollar
  • The Zimbabwean dollar has been rated the worst-performing currency in Africa against the United States dollar.
  • The Sudanese pound was rated the second worst-performing currency in Africa, followed by the South Sudanese pound.
  • Nigeria’s currency, the Naira, ranked 3rd in Africa and 11th worst-performing currency in the world.

Every week, Steve Hanke, a Professor of Applied Economics and Director of the Troubled Currencies Project in the United States, publishes Hanke’s currency watchlist, a group of currencies that have depreciated by at least 20% against the dollar since January 2020.

Hanke, a professor at Johns Hopkins University, explains that the currencies of the countries on his list have suffered massive devaluations against the US dollar since January 2020.

Hanke’s currency watchlist below shows the ranking order of inflation rates and currency devaluations of countries. Indeed, inflation rates and currency devaluations come together at the hip like conjoined twins.

Hanke's currency watchlist
Hanke’s currency watchlist

Zimbabwean dollar

Zimbabwe shuns the usage of the US dollar
Zimbabwe shuns the usage of the US dollar

According to the latest ranking by Hanke’s Currency Watchlist, the Zimbabwean dollar has been rated the worst-performing currency in Africa against the United States dollar. The Zimbabwean dollar has depreciated against the USD by 97.33% since Jan. 2020. “Zimbabwe must dump the Zim dollar and adopt the USD immediately,” says Hanke in a Twitter post.

Sudanese pound

Sudan pounds
Sudan pounds

Coming in second place is Sudan. The Sudanese pound has depreciated against the USD by 84.95% since Jan 2020. According to Hanke, the only way to save Sudan’s pound & its economy is to install a currency board.

South Sudanese pound

South Sudan one pound
South Sudan one pound

South Sudan ranks third on the list after the nation’s currency depreciated against the USD by 50.79% since Jan 2020. According to Hanke, South Sudan’s economic death spiral never ends.

Nigerian naira

Naira notes
Naira notes

Nigeria ranks 4th on the list of worst-performing currencies in Africa and 11th globally as the currency’s value has depreciated against the USD by 48.87% since Jan 2020.

Ghana cedis

Bank of Ghana report predicts more cedi depreciation as depositors switch to open foreign currency accounts

Ghana ranks 5th in this week’s Hanke’s #CurrencyWatchlist of worst-performing currencies in Africa. According to Hanke, the Ghanaian cedi has depreciated 42.57% against the USD since January 2020.

To save the cedi, Ghana must mothball its central bank and install a currency board,” Hanke said in a post on his Twitter page.

Malawian kwacha

Rose Chibambo - on Malawian  kwacha 200 note
Rose Chibambo – on Malawian kwacha 200 note

Malawi ranks 6th place in this week’s Hanke’s #CurrencyWatchlist. The kwacha has depreciated against the USD by 39.54% since Jan 2020, by measure, and is yet another central bank junk currency,” says Hanke in a Twitter post.

Sierra Leonean Leone

Sierra Leonean Leone
Sierra Leonean Leone

Sierra Leone takes 7th place in this week’s Hanke’s #CurrencyWatchlist. The leone has depreciated against the USD by 31.23% since Jan 1, 2020. According to Hanke, SLE’s currency redenomination has done nothing to end SLE’s economic death spiral.

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